Rishi Vatsyayana, the author of the erotic masterpiece, the Kama Sutra, analogizes a person’s sex life to a well-groomed garden, and considers it to be a necessity in the well kept house of a healthy, cultured person.
Perhaps the oldest reference to gardens in Indian culture dates back to the epic Ramayana. It talks about Ashok Vatika and goes into detail describing the trees, fruits, flora and fauna of the place. But it was under the Mughals that gardens in India saw a major efflorescence as they embarked on a quest to build them wherever they could.
The Mughals had a great love for natural beauty and nourished it by creating gardens in picturesque spots with natural water sources. They based their gardens on the principles of Chahar Bagh, or Paradise Garden. Kashmir was an especially lovely place to create these, and some of the finest Char Bagh water gardens were built here. Shalimar, Nishat, Chashme Shahi, Pari Mahal, Achabal, Verinag together are known as Mughal Gardens.
Flowers Blooming Everywhere
One of the most magnificent and meticulously maintained Gardens in India is the Mughal Garden in the precinct of the President’s house in New Delhi. It draws its inspiration from the Mughal Gardens of Jammu and Kashmir, the gardens around the Taj Mahal and even ancient paintings of India and Persia. It was designed in 1917 and created in 1928, and has 159 varieties of roses, 70 varieties of seasonal flowers and 50 varieties of trees.